Frank Groffie's miscellany

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How much is the curvature of the Earth?

Geoscience and technology

Here's a procedure for observing the curvature of the Earth, or at least calculating how much of a distant feature gets obscured by the arcing surface of the globe and then comparing this estimate with real-world observations. There are variations of these procedures scattered piecemeal across the web. Although most of them are accurate, I've found them to be fragmentary and either overly complex or lacking in detail. I also wanted to work out the geometry and algebra for myself and develop a spreadsheet that does the calculations for any location desired. I also describe a supplementary procedure for calculating the radius of the Earth based on a sighting of a distant tall feature. Yes, you too can do low-tech geodesy like Persian scholars did a millennium ago or like the ancient Greeks of over 2 millennia ago.

Download the PDF (1.7 Mb)

Download the spreadsheet (0.7 Mb)

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